Goygyol and surrounding forests are famous for their abundance and charm in the world.
Goygyol always attracted attention for its fascinating nature and beauty, so in 1910-1912 the idea of the establishment of a reserve in the area was put on a point. As the first reserve in Azerbaijan - Goy gol State Nature Reserve was established in 1925. Then the reserve was abolished and it was re-established in accordance with the desire and proposal of the public in July 14, 1965 on the basis of the Order №475 of Azerbaijan SSR Soviet of Ministers.
Goygyol National Park was established in April 1, 2008 by the Order of the President of Azerbaijan Republic on the base of Goygyol State Nature Reserve in the administrative territory of Khanlar (present Goygyol), Dashkasan and Goranboy districts. After having the status of National Park, the territory of Goy gol State Nature Reserve enlarged from 6739 hectares up to 12 755 hectares.
Goygyol National Park is located on the North-East part of Lesser Caucasus, on the North Slope of Kapaz Mountain, on 1000-3060 m high from the sea level and encloses medium and high mountain-forest semizones, mountain forest-meadow, subalp and alpine zones.
National Park is called by the name of Goygyol Lake. And the reason for that is its transparent water which reflects surrounding green forests and blue sky as a mirror.
The principal aim of the establishment of Goygyol National Park is protection endemic and endangered flora and fauna species, regulation of the stability of natural complexes, creation of more favourable condition in order to carry out scientific-research works, environmental monitoring, ecological awareness of population and development of ecotourism in the tourist potentially areas.
Cold climate with dry winter prevails in the area. Annual temperature of the weather wavers between 4-10 degrees. Annual precipitation is 600-900 mm.
The longest river in Goy gol National Park is the Aghsuchay – the right branch of the Kurakchay. The biggest lake in the area is Goy gol – one of the most wonderful and marvellous lakes in Azerbaijan. In 1939 as a result of earthquake occurred in Ganca, Kapaz mountain was tumbled down, blocked up the Aghsuchay river and the beautiful lake - Goy gol was formed. There are small lakes, such as Maralgol, Garagol, Zeligol, Aggol, Shamligol and etc. in the area.
The main part of the national park has a rich vegetation cover. The mountain-forest, mountain-steppe, supalp and alpine mountain-meadow vegetation ecosystem are spread in the area.
The mountain forests covering 1100-2200 m height has a very rich vegetation cover and contains 80 trees and bush species. The main part of the forests are represented by oriental beech, oriental oak, Caucasian hornbeam, birch, ash tree, sharp-leaved maple, lime-tree of small-leaved trees, Kokh pine of coniferous. Of shrubs, cornel, barberry, dog rose, medlar, spindle-tree, blackberry, of herbs, Caucasian violet, dandelion, bellflower, noble chamomille, fescue, mat-grass and meadow-grass and etc. are met. They are especially spread in subalp meadows.
Goygyol National Park is also rich for its fauna. Of mammals, Caucasian red deer, roe deer, brown bear, billy goat, badger, forest cat, sable, lynx, hare, squirell, fox, hedgehog, Caucasian mole and etc., of birds quail, stock dove, wood cock, bearded vulture, black vulture, Egyptian vulture, eagle owl, owl, swan, black woodpeeker, golden oriole, wood lark, mistle thrush and etc. are spread in the area. Rare species - Caucasian red deer and forel fish (in Goy gol lake) are protected in the national park.
Beautiful and variegated nature, rich flora and fauna of Goygyol National Park will enable to organize and develop ecotourism in the area by attracting tourists and visitors.