Azərbaycan Respublikası Ekologiya və Təbii Sərvətlər Nazirliyi
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Azərbaycan Respublikası Ekologiya və Təbii Sərvətlər Nazirliyi

Address: Baku, Khazar district, Zira settlement
Tel: (+994 12) 511 46 67
Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Azerbaijan Republic


Absheron National Park was established in the basis of Absheron State Nature Sanctuary in 783 ha area of administrative territory of Baku city Azizbayov district with the decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated February 8, 2005. The National Park is situated in the south-eastern end of Absheron peninsula in the Shah Dili territory. Mild hot climate of semi-desert and dry heathens prevails in the territory. The purpose of establishment of Absheron National Park is provision of protection of wildlife, maintenance of rare endangered flora and fauna species, as well as evaluation of existing natural opportunities for ecotourism.

More than 50 bird and animal species are encountered in Absheron National Park. Nearly 25 plant species exist in the National Park. Caspian seal which is considered rare species is encountered in the Caspian sea area of Absheron National Park and it is observed in seal cape mostly in May-August. Caspian seal is the unique species of pinnipedia that has been included to the ‘Guinness” book of records as the tiniest seal of world ocean

- Absheron National Park-the closest natural monument to the capital Baku, the most auspicious point for ecotourism, the site holding the most pure water and the clearest air in Absheron beach;
- Absheron National Park – the remotest terrestrial area of Azerbaijan conjoining with water;
- Absheron National Park – Entirely wild nature with its flora and fauna.


Mute Swan exists in the great lakes, reservoirs of the Republic and in the coasts of Caspian Sea. Mute Swan is hibernating and migratory bird. Its color is snow-white (young Mute Swans are light grey in color). It has red and black bill. Mute swan has a knob at the base of the bill on the upper mandible. Mute Swan resembles question-mark bending its neck when in water and on earth. It has no voice and only hisses. Mute Swan hibernates in big lakes of Caspian shore and Lowland regions. Its hunting is prohibited. Less part that don’t nest (20-30 species) of Mute Swan is observed in summer. November is considered fall migration period, and the second half of February is spring migration and return period. Underwater part of plants (root and scion) provides its nutrition. The bird prefers threadlike seaweeds in nutrition. Mute Swan is among rare birds decreasing in amount, and has been included into “Red book” of Azerbaijan. The migration of Mute Swan begins in the last days of February. It feeds on various water insects, their larvae, small animals living in silts as well as underwater vegetation.


17 species as well as 1 grown species of wormwood is encountered in Azerbaijan. Wormwood species are considered mostly perennial shrubs, some species are annual or biennial shrubs. Baskets are tiny, are collected in heath bell groups. They are pollinated with wind. Swathe of the basket consists of leaves located in several lines. A group of line buds located beside the basket are considered pistil and seed bearing buds, while the buds in the middle are disexual and seed bearing, or homogeneous stamen buds. Pistil in stamen buds is immature, and radiant shaped. Wormwood species are drought resistant, and able to permeate even in less saline soils. Wormwood is efficient as a forage reserve in winter quarters during winter months. Santonin is obtained from species of wormwood that is used as an anthelmintic.

CASPIAN SEAL (Phoca caspica)

Caspian seal (Phoca caspica) is the unique sea mammal that exists in the Caspian sea. It is endemic species of the Caspian Sea and is considered the tiniest species of seals in the world. (prolongation of existence- 50 years). According to the estimations of 1987, the total number of Caspian seal populations is about 360-400 thousand tips. (Krılov, 1989), however according to the estimations of the Committee of Caspian Sea water bioresources in 2005, the number of them is 375 thousand tips. In 1996 the Union of World Nature and Natural Resources Protection carried out discussions on the Caspian seal and included its status into the red book of UWNNRP as a weak species considering the gradual contamination of Caspian Sea and contraction of coastal strip that is living quarters of seals.


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